Some people have asked me about the setup I use for filming & streaming live hockey matches (although this would apply to most live sports).
So the first thing to say is that I'm very much an amateur & beginner myself, but I've picked up some good tips from those around and done a fair bit of research and trial & error.
The setup is a mix of software and hardware, some used pitch-side and some used from anywhere.
One thing to remember is that video files get big quickly, very much dependent up on the video source resolution & format, and the compression codecs used, I film at 1080p 50 frames/second MPEG4 35mbps which generates about 16GB of data files per hour. Not only does your camera need to have enough storage capacity, but remember the time take to transfer files from cameras to PC, the storage needed to keep both these 'raw' files and the subsequent processed files.
Many cameras, including mine, will seamlessly split a single recording into multiple files, so for a 1hr match I will typically have 5 files of circa 3.2GB each - later these will need to be joined/concatenated into a single file as part of processing before uploading to an analysis / sharing service.
I have 3 distinct sets of kit:
- The video match recording
- The live streaming
- Stills photography
Not all of the equipment below is needed although it's all found it's way into my bags.
Most of the points would work with many different makes of cameras.
A great video camera, with strong optical zoom, multiple control points, great audio controls & inputs, and dual HDSC cards for vast storage
Wide angle Canon WA-H58
Quickly I realised it was good to have a directional microphone to focus noise pickup towards the game and action (away from the side-lines), but also to minimise environmental noise (wind & rain). RØDE was an obvious choice re quality, cost & ubiquity (spares, interop etc). The VXLR+ minijack adapter was only needed to use with the pro audio interfaces on my XA35 camera.
RØDE VideoMic Pro+ Compact Directional On-camera Microphone
RØDE VXLR+ Minijack to XLR Adaptor with Power Convertor
RØDE DeadCat VMP+ Artificial Fur Wind Shield for the VideoMic Pro+
Manfrotto 546B Tripod
Manfrotto Befree GT Carbon
Tripod video heads
Manfrotto 504HD Fluid Video Head (for the 546B)
Manfrotto MH055M8-Q5 Photo-Movie Tripod Head (for the Befree GT)
Camera Quick Release Plate
Neewer Rapid Connect Quick Release Sliding Plate Camera Mount with 1/4" and 3/8" Mounting Screws for Manfrotto 501HDV 503HDV 701HDV MH055M0-Q5
Manfrotto 035 Super Clamp
Magic arm x 2 (1 for monitor & 1 for mobile phone)
UTEBIT Magic Arm 11 Inch Adjustable Articulated Arm Camera Arm with Super Clamp Max Load 3KG Magic Arm Camera Mount for DSLR Rig Camera, LCD Field Mon
LANC controller (for remote zoom/focus/record control)
Varizoom VZ-Rock Zoom Controller (for Canon - on 504HD head)
VariZoom VZ-RL100 LANC Zoom Control (for Canon - on MH055M8-Q5 head)
Feelworld LUT6 6 Inch 2600nits
Mobile phone holder
Neewer Cellphone Holder Clip Desktop Tripod Mount with Mini Ball Head Hot Shoe Adapter for 14-inch and 18-inch
DIGITNOW! Video Capture Card HDMI to USB 2.0 Audio Video Capture Cards HD 1080p
ExtremeCap UVC - BU110 (works well as a more expensive equivalent capture card)
You will also need an Android Mobile phone for capture input and live streaming (I use a Google Pixel 4XL but most android phones will work) - Apple phones will not work (I know blame 'Uncle Steve').
Duttek Mini HDMI to HDMI Coiled Cable 4K 2.5m
HDMI <-> HDMI Coiled 2.5m
USB 3.1 (female) <-> USB C (male)
Shotcut - open & free video editing & encoding, for post match video work
Coach-Logic - for post match coding, analysis and clipping to players
CameraFi - for live streaming of matches
YouTube - for live stream viewing and restricted on-demand playback
USB Camera - Connect EasyCap or USB WebCam
Other photography equipment
DSLR Camera x 3
Canon EOS 1DX Mark II
2 X Canon EOS 6D
Lens x 4 (main use)
Canon EF 300 f/2.8 L IS USM
Canon EF 100-400mm f/4.5-5.6 L IS USM
Canon EF 500mm f/4.5 L USM
Canon EF 24-70mm f/2.8 L USM
Manfrotto Element Monopod Aluminium Red MMELEA5RD
Three Legged Thing "Alan 2"
Manfrotto MH496-BH 496 Centre Ball head - Black
Manfrotto XPRO Head with 200PL Plate (MHXPRO-BHQ2)
Mini Max Stool
LowePro ProTactic BP 450 AW II
Peli 1615 Air Case (for flight check-in and general safe travel)
For filming, height is good here, both being as high up as possible, and in keeping the camera position as high on the tripod as possible.
For match analysis, most coaches will say end of pitch views are better than side-on views as there should be less camera movement.
If there is a filming tower, and you have permission and know how to use it safely then this is normally the best option - some have camera mounts, some have tripod spaces, some you need to be creative with. But always remember to take a drink with you as it's normally 90mins up a tower.
If the pitch is a fully caged one without a tower (as often found at education facility pitches) I tend to film from a couple of metres behind a baseline corner flag, but paying a lot of attention to the live game and moving balls!
For stills photography, couple of points here
- Remember where the sun is in relation to the pitch, to avoid 'wash out' or glare
- I tend to find close & very low to the pitch works best for capturing the 'being part of it' aspect
- If you're looking for general images the centreline can be fine, but if you want action (or using a long lens) then pick an end of the pitch and shoot from there (I tend to find somewhere around the baseline to 23yr works well)
- Always remember to keep clear of the sidelines to allow players, coaches & officials free passage
- Always pay attention to where the ball is and where it is going, hockey balls hurt & can be very expensive when you don't avoid them!
A good pair of 'mechanics' gloves are useful during the cooler pitch days - thin enough to operate controls but good enough to prevent frostbite :)
But it is key to weatherproof your electronic equipment as much as possible, most good lenses have a good degree of weather proofing, but only the top end commercial cameras tend to have proper weatherproofing needed during a typical hockey season weather. I've already had to send my XA35 to Canon's pro service centre due to rain damage on a zoom control button - great 2 day turnaround CPS service but £180 I'd rather have kept in my account.
For my EOS cameras I use Canon ERC-E5M
For the XA35 camera I use CamRade WetSuit XA30/35
For everything else, and for when I don't have the above, I use these bags with a hole torn and elastic bands:
Filming & Sharing
Always ensure you have permission from all clubs & officials in order to film - this is best arranged via email in the prior week (we do it when the captains message each other re logistics etc)
Always ensure that you following SafeGuarding and GDPR guidelines with all footage - some events, venues or leagues will require that you complete additional paperwork here.
Whenever I film I also offer to share a copy with the opposition coach, and also with the umpires & officials, it's useful for all. Indeed there have been several times where the umpires have asked to review the footage during/immediately after a game, other times where I've had to prepare normal, slow-mo and zoomed versions of footage for people after a game.
Hints & Tips
- Be careful when filming behind fences - whilst you can easily control the focal length on the DSLR lenses, the auto-focus on the video camera loves to focus on the fence not the pitch. I found this out the hard way when we had a new extension catch fence in front of the camera tower!
- Remember you're filming the full field of play and not playing "follow the ball" - try and keep as many of the players in view as possible, it's these formations & player positioning that the coach needs to be able to see
- Manage the optical zoom of the video camera to keep both side-lines in the view where possible - I use the Varizoom VZ-Rock control (mounted on the video head pan/tilt arm and connected to the remote input on the XA35) to make it easier to control the zoom - but this does need practice!
- Keep the pitch in view, you don't need the skyline, surrounding areas or spectators etc
- Batteries run down a lot quicker in the cold, in my bags I normally have 10 fully charged DSLR batteries, a couple of fully charged batteries for my video screen monitor, and 6 of so extended capacity video batteries. I tend to find for a full match I might use 3 DSLR batteries between 2 cameras, 1 video monitor battery and 2 video camera batteries. For streaming you also need to remember a power backup for your phone as the streaming is fairly heavy on the battery.
- Remember you're filming the match not watching it - it's easy to be still thinking / looking at something and not to notice the game has moved on
- Remember the microphones pick up everything - including the noises you make behind / beside the camera, and also the noise of a DSLR shutter!
So for me at the moment, the live streaming setup breaks into a number of areas:
- Camera to Application
- Application to Platform
- Platform to Viewers
Camera to Application
So I use my Canon XA35 camera connected via HDMI to the "DIGITNOW! Video Capture Card HDMI to USB" card which in turn is connected to the Android phone via USB. This then allows the video camera to appear as an input device on the phone. It needs to be Android as Apple devices don't support USB input in the same way at all :(
Application to Platform
The application I use is CameraFi Live https://live.camerafi.com/ which allows me to take the video camera USB input as a live source, 'top & tail' it with intro effects etc, add overlays such as a scoreboard and then export the stream real-time over the network (using the phone's 3/4G or wifi connection) to a streaming platform (currently YouTube, but looking at https://restream.io/ for multi channel broadcast)
I'm still very much learning with CameraFi Live, as it's got a lot of functionality.
A couple of overview links re how simple a setup you can do from Camera to Application:
Platform to Viewers
This is as simple as sharing the link to the user community and them watching it on the device & location of their choice.
- Working to expand CameraFi Live overlay and graphics capabilities
- Practice, practice, training & more practice - I've a long way to go...
- I want to see if I can do a 'peli case' package for all of this nice and easily, and weatherproof, something like this:
- Looking at more advanced on screen graphics, info and advertising with LIGR https://www.ligrsystems.com/
- Looking at a rstream platform for more viewer consumption options
- Seeing if I can evaluate a number of the automated match filming systems such as:
- Seeing if it can be linked with a real-time coding system so the coder can do the scoring as well